Sums from the early age of three!

Pearl bars.

At an early age, teach your child how to solve:

Small sums.

Now that your child knows the numbers from 1 to 9, he can start solving his first sums. . To do so, you will need to work with two pyramids of pearl bars or with small red and blue bars.

Tell your child that he is going to learn how to solve a sum, which means   « putting together » and that it is represented by the sign “+”.

5 + 3

Take a bar of pearls, for example: the bar that corresponds to “3” and lay it on the table in front of your child.

VTake another bar of pearls, for example, take the bar corresponding to “4” and lay it next to the bar of “3”.

5 + 3 with self-correction

Tell your child: « When you add, you put things together », so you put together horizontally the bar of “3” and the bar of “4”. Then, you ask the child to count “1, 2, 3…7”, so 3 plus 4 equals 7.

3 + 2

Suggest your child to verify the result by putting the bar of “7” on top of the two other bars united horizontally so that he sees that they are equally as long. Always think of self-correction.

3 + 2 with self-correction.

It is essential that your child works on his own and is able to self correct his errors. It will help build his self-confidence and his need for autonomy.

PuThen, prepare an index card for your child where you will write the operation: 3 + 4 = 7

Write the “+” sign in red because it is a new notion. Then tell him: “when you are doing a sum, you add things. So the sum of 3 plus 4 equals 7”.

3 + 5

Prepare an index card with simple sums like:

2 + 4 =

5 + 1 =

Once your child understands the new notion of the “+” sign, it is no longer necessary to write it in red.

6 + 3 =

5 + 3 with self-correction

For the first operation, you will draw a frame into which the child will write the result. For the second operation, you will draw a line, and for the next one, leave a blank space. The child now knows where to write the result.

And so now your child knows how to do sums with a result inferior to 10.

These exercises can easily be done by a three year old child.

2 + 3 = 5

You can use other material as long as the sums are done with similar objects./p>

See you soon for more!

Sylvie Rousseau-d’Esclaibes